Paphos is situated on the south west coast of Cyprus. Ancient and historic sites abound in the area and Archaeologists report that the site of Paphos has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities.
It is the destination of wealthy tourism and the home of many ex-patriot people. It has become a complete town full of excellent restaurants and hotels serving both local and international holiday makers in a classic Cypriot relaxed atmosphere. Both Kato Paphos, the beach, harbor and tourist resort, the residential, retail and commercial area, tend to have full year round popularity. The mosaics of New Paphos are among the most beautiful in the world. UNESCO has registered the whole of Paphos to its World Cultural Heritage List.
The main focus of Paphos is the historic harbor where the Fort looks out to sea. The Fort was originally built by the Byzantines and was rebuilt by the Lusignans in the 13th century. Since then it has passed hands a few times and has been strengthened lastly by the Ottomans.
This is the setting for concerts and operas throughout the year with internationally recognized artists and also the departure point of cruises and excursions, and a popular destination for wedding tourists.
The Paphos Region, which spans the whole western area, includes monasteries, mosaics, nature reserves, pine forests and wineries, mountain villages, beaches and golf courses and is serviced by Paphos International Airport.
Paphos International Airport is the second largest on the Island. The new passenger terminal at Paphos opened in November 2008. The new airport offers world class, state of the art facilities, with an emphasis on excellent customer service, welcoming the new and returning visitor into Cyprus in style, ease and comfort.
Still in this modern city, farming, especially banana, grape and tobacco plantations, also contributes significantly to Paphos economy. Paphos has a 100 km water distribution network which irrigates 5,000 hectares of land and is supported by the Asprokremmos dam which is the second largest dam in Cyprus. It is built at an altitude of about 100 m above sea level and is located 16 km, (10 miles) east of the city of Paphos. Due to poor rainfall it is a rare event that the dam overflows. The last time this happened was in 2004.It is still considered an important wetland for endemic and migratory birds
The main highway from Limassol ends at Paphos and the roads are well maintained with the scenic routes extending in all inland directions allowing the town to serve as an excellent base for exploring the national park of the Akamas where there are famous hiking trails with beautiful scenery and the most spectacular hues of the sea as it lies below you.
Today Paphos, with a population of about 47,300 (end of 2001), is a popular and fast developing tourist resort, home to an attractive fishing harbour. Ktima is the main residential district while Kato Pafos, by the sea, is built around the medieval port and contains most of the luxury hotels and the entertainment infrastructure of the city.